Rodents are mammals distinguished by the continuous development of their incisor teeth for chewing; mice, rats and squirrels are examples of rodent species commonly considered pests. These animals are found worldwide and can adapt to various environments, making them a persistent issue in both urban and rural settings.


  • Appearance: Rodents typically have a compact body, short limbs, and a long tail. Common pest species, like house mice, are small with a slender body, while rats are larger with a robust build.
  • Size: House mice range between 2.5 and 4 inches long (excluding their tail) while rats such as Norway rats can grow to up to 9.5 inches excluding tail length.
  • Colour: Fur colour varies by species, from light brown and grey to black.
  • Signs of Infestation: Droppings, gnaw marks, tracks, nests made of shredded materials, and scurrying sounds, especially at night.
Pest Profile Rodent

Behaviour and Habits

  • Feeding: Rodents are omnivorous creatures that eat an assortment of food such as grains, fruit, vegetables and meats. Rodents tend to hoard food for later consumption or chew various materials to stop their teeth from overgrowing too quickly.
  • Reproduction: Rodents breed prolifically. Mice can produce up to 10 litters per year, with 5-6 young per litter. Rats can produce 6-12 litters annually, with 8-12 young per litter.
  • Habitat: Rodents seek shelter in homes, attics, basements, and outdoor areas such as gardens and sheds. They prefer environments close to food and water sources.

Risks and Damage

  • Health Risks: Rodents carry diseases such as Hantavirus, Salmonella and Leptospirosis that are spread from rodent to rodent; their presence also triggers allergies or asthma symptoms in some individuals.
  • Property Damage: Rodents cause considerable property damage by chewing away at electrical wires, insulation, and structural components causing fire hazards and costly repairs. They contaminate food supplies with their droppings and urine, spreading disease directly to humans through contact.

Prevention and Control

  • Exclusion: Seal entry points such as gaps in walls, doors, and windows. Install door sweeps and use metal or concrete to block larger openings.
  • Sanitation: Keep living spaces tidy by storing food in airtight containers and disposing of garbage regularly.
  • Traps and Baits: Use snap traps, glue traps, and bait stations to reduce rodent populations. Place traps along walls and anywhere rodent activity has been detected to effectively manage them.
  • Professional Help: For severe infestations, it is advisable to seek professional pest control services. Companies like Get Em Out Wildlife Control offer comprehensive rodent management strategies, including inspection, exclusion, trapping, and sanitation services to ensure long-term rodent prevention.

Summary Of Rodents

Rodents are a prevalent and persistent pest that pose serious health threats and property damage. Effective rodent control involves a combination of exclusion, sanitation, and trapping methods. For the best results, especially in severe cases, enlisting the help of professional pest control services like Get Em Out Wildlife Control can ensure a rodent-free environment and peace of mind.

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